10. What is consent and assent?


A researcher asks a parent or guardian to give their permission (consent) to allow their child to take part in a clinical trial. The researcher must first tell the patient and their parents the things that might happen with a clinical trial and answer any questions that the parents or child have.


Researchers will also explain the research to each teenager and ask them to take part: this is called assent. This means each teenager must show they understand and want to take part in the research study.